Facts Naumburg (Saale)

Selected Key Data

Population

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The sum of people moving away took on less significance as in other IBA-Cities. Although the population has declined steadily since German reunification, the downward trend is below the federal average. Initially it was the young people who moved away to find work elsewhere. At present, the population decline in Naumburg is mainly due to the fact that the death rate increasingly exceeds the birth rate.

Municipal Boundaries

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Because of increased suburbanisation from the early 1990s, the cities have lost a considerable proportion of their inhabitants and tax revenues to the surrounding communities. In order to dilute the impact of these losses, a gradual process of incorporation has increased the municipal areas in size, sometimes significantly so.

The coloured shape on the map symbolises the expansion of the city in 1990, the outer line shows the boarder of the municipal area of 2010.

Housing Situation

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The city had to consistently deal with a growing number of vacant residential properties, reaching an average 17.5 percent in 2001. Of these, more than 90 percent are buildings erected before 1948. The historic district, its cathedral and administrative sectors, was and is most affected by this. Even though well over half these buildings have meanwhile been renovated, in the side streets the number of vacancies and the renovation requirements are significant. In 1991, Naumburg became a model city in the federal government programme for urban renewal, with the primary objective of preserving the historic town centre. In 1995, the town centre in its entirety became part of the Urban Planning Programme for the Protection of Monuments by means of which it has so far renovated 60 percent of the old town.

Housing Situation in Naumburg (Status 2/2010):
Housing Stock: 16.000
Surplus Housing: 1.800 / 11 Percent
Housing Demolitian since 2001/02: 800

Industry

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Naumburg had to accept job losses in the chemicals industry and in the field of mechanical engineering. In 1995, nearly 75 percent of jobseekers in the 15 to 65 age group were employed; in 2000, this figure dropped to just under 69 percent. In the same period, unemployment rose from 18.7 to 24.3 percent.

The diagram illustrates the radical economic structural reform: Large industrial combines were forced to close, and even where smaller companies came along and still produce today, the often significantly increased output figures require only a fraction of the workforce once needed.

Relocating and Commuting

Bildschirmfoto Pendler und Umzüge

In the 1990s, suburbanisation affected all the IBA cities. At the same time, people, especially those from the former industrial centres, began to move to West Germany. The populations of the large cities of Halle (Saale) and Magdeburg have increased minimally in recent times, mainly due to migration from Saxony-Anhalt. In the meantime, the improved transportation network allows for longer journeys to and from work and the number of commuters is climbing.

The interactive tool "Relocating and commuting" visualises this range of topics for all IBA cities.

Leibniz-Institut für Länderkunde (IfL), Leipzig 2010 Data: Günter Herfert, design/programming: Sebastian Specht

Sources for the statistical specifications: Ministry of Regional Development and Transport Saxony-Anhalt; Raumbeobachtungssystem Sachsen-Anhalt (RABE): Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt; Naumburg Urban Development Concept 2001 and 2009; GDR statistics, 1989; www.iba-monitor.de; Status 11/2009

Info: Naumburg (Saale)

Population
(Municipal Area of 2010)
1989: 40.715
2009: 34.711
2025: 27.863 (Future Prospect)

Municipal Area: 129,88 qkm

www.naumburg.de